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Goods and services tax is a tax regime used by 160 countries around the world to avoid tax cascading within the economy. India introduced GST in the year 2017, whereas several alternative countries enforced GST a few years earlier in their legal systems. France was the first country to adopt this taxation system in 1954, followed by Germany, Italy, Japan, and South Korea. GST is one of the most significant initiatives undertaken by most countries in the pursuit of a structured and developed economy. An excise tax levied on the main products and services provided or sold for domestic or home consumption is termed "product and repair tax. GST generates revenue or financial gain for the government as part of the economic growth process. The section of GST that is accumulated or collected from the shoppers by the businesses or venders of the products is forwarded to the government. In some countries, product and repair taxes are additionally acknowledged as being worth additional taxes. This review paper targeted the implications of GST on totally different countries' economies and their collision on society. Several students have researched on this subject before and its implementation in India. The paper throws light on the assorted aspects of GST and the way it affects totally different industrial sectors within the economy. The paper additionally analyses how various researchers have taken their studies concerning GST, its future implications, and impacts in their countries, with special stress on India.


The Central government and government collect taxes from the people for the event and economic process. The government's cyber web assembling is approximately sixteen hundred thousand large integer rupees, where taxation collection has exceeded ten hundred thousand large integer rupees and tax collection is approximately two hundred thousand large integer rupees. All the funds are received from the folks, and they have the burden of paying totally different taxes on their financial gain, where taxation and GST (Goods and Services Tax) are the main taxes. Therefore, to provide relief to the overall public, whether it's attainable to get rid of taxation by increasing GST rates.

A tax may be a fee that is paid by a private or company to the central or government for the economic process of the country, and it's necessary to pay the taxes. 
Taxes are divided into two types i.e Direct Tax and Indirect Tax,

  1. Direct taxes are those that are paid directly to the government by the payer and are levied on the individual's or organization's financial gain or profit. Taxes like: taxation, land tax, tax, title tax, etc. 
  2. Indirect taxes: indirect taxes are those that are levied on products and services and paid by a third party. In indirect taxes, taxpayers don't directly pay the taxes to the government. Like-GST (Goods and Services Tax). 

The income tax and GST each come under a unique class, but the government has created some provisions in association with those taxes, so it'll be useful for each of the departments to share their info.        
The Central Board of Direct Taxes, within the exercise of the powers given by section 44AB read with section 295, created the principles for additional amendments in the taxation rules, 1962, wherever there have been some amendments associated with GST, like-

• In kind no. 3CD of Appendix II of taxation rules, 1962 
• In serial no. 4
•, after the words' sales tax ’, the words' goods & services tax ‘shall be inserted. 
• After the words' registration no. or’, the words' GST no. or ‘shall be inserted. 

The purpose of inserting GST no. is to share knowledge of GST with the taxation department and therefore the data of taxation with the GST department. The information that can be shared with the department of taxation and GST by the payer shall not be mismatched, i.e., the information that is provided to each department shall not vary. Each of the departments will exchange information ad libitum or mechanically. To register GST no., folks have to be compelled to have their PAN card issued by the taxation department. This helped to reduce black money because, prior to GST, some retailers saved money on excise duty, VAT, entry tax, and other taxes by not reporting every transaction, which is no longer possible. Now, the taxation department will track all the transactions by sharing information with the GST department and vice-versa. Therefore, we are able to see there's no direct link between GST and taxation. However, somehow, they're connected to every alternative. This is for those who have a GST number and must provide the correct information to each department.


GST may be a one nation, one legal system, but it's an associate degree tax that was introduced on the first Gregorian calendar month, 2017. In India, GST replaced other major indirect taxes such as WTA, service tax, and excise duty. The aim of the implementation of GST was to get rid of cascading tax results, i.e., tax on tax, so that shoppers had to suffer with high costs of products and services. Before the time of GST, indirect taxes that were paid to the central government and local government were as follows:   

1. Excise Duty- which was imposed on the production of the great.1. worth additional tax. -obligatory on the sales at intervals the state.

2. Service Tax. These are levied on services.2. amusement tax—obligatory on various types of entertainment such as movies or amusement shows. Each state has a totally different rate of taxes.

3. CST. -these taxes are charged once a product is sold from one state to another    3. Luxury Tax. -it is obligatory on the luxurious things that the government has determined.

4. Custom Duty. -it is obligatory on the imports and exports of the great. 4. Entry Tax. -some government obligatory taxes on the entry of products within the state. 
So all of these indirect taxes are unified into one tax, that is the Product & Services Tax. 

The GST, which replaced the Central Government's mandatory indirect taxes, is divided into three classes based on intra-state and inter-state supplies:            

  1. CGST-CGST may be a central product and services tax that is levied by the central government on the intra-state provision of products and services. 
  2. 2. SGST-this can be a State Product & Services Tax, additionally obligatory on the intra-state provided by the government.
  3. 3. IGST-IGST is an associate degree Integrated product and services tax: this can be levied on inter-state provision of goods and services, i.e., sales to a different state where the bourgeois is exempt from paying tax and therefore, the IGST can attend to the central government.




The implementation of GST was viewed positively, and it also contributed to the country's economic growth. The number of indirect and direct taxpayers increased under the GST regime. However, according to new GDP growth figures from January to March 2019, the expansion has slowed to around 0.6 percent, which was expected to be around seven members. So, as we are able to see, on top of statics, GDP growth has declined, inflation is slightly higher in year 2019 compared to the previous year, it's declined, and clearly there's an excellent inclination in excise rate. As a result, GST has both positive and negative effects.
Corporate performance can improve. -Once the GST rate can be decreased and the volume of the merchandise can be increased, corporations and shoppers will each profit. The performance of a company can improve. The demand for the merchandise depends on its value once GST is applied. We can simply state that lowering taxes will benefit both consumers and businesses. We are able to say that GST has an honest impact on the people and economic process of the country. However, as we all know, a coin has two sides too, and likewise, GST has additional negative points. GST abolished the cascading effect; the price of the merchandise was reduced. Problem for ordinary people: As we all know, GST is divided into four slabs, and items were added to those slabs to meet the needs of the people. However, class folks haven't felt any serious relief as wealthy folks will afford the high taxes on some things like luxury hotels, etc. The government has even exaggerated the GST rates on mobile bills, and in the contemporary world, it's additionally one of all the fundamental necessities. However, in some cases, some folks don't get relief from GST. Now, in this state of affairs, if we tend to exaggerate the GST rates, it'll mainly have an effect on the poor and working class folks, but it'll additionally have an effect on the suppliers and firms. As we tend to mentioned concerning the stress of the merchandise, now, if we tend to exaggerate the GST rates, folks can try and avoid getting that product, which means the demand for that product can decrease, and that'll have a negative effect on corporations and suppliers. There'll be an increase in inflation, which then it'll have an effect on the economy and conditions are worse.


The impact of GST on taxation

As a result, if GST rates can increase, it'll indirectly have an effect on taxation. As we mentioned earlier, GST may be a tax and taxation is a taxation. Each square measure is totally different. The government created some amendments for exchanging the data between the GST department and the taxation department. However, it's for those that have GST no. Apart from this, there's no direct link between GST and taxation. However, if we tend to purchase products from a provider, the price of the product can increase due to GST rates. Then the financial gain margin per product can increase. As a result, there'll be a small reduction in the financial gain of the person. Then it'll be a pressure on the folks, which will cause an increase in inflation. We tend to not think about high GST rates and taxation on an equivalent track. Either taxation ought to be reduced or taxation ought to be abolished. Therefore, people will pay their financial gain wherever they need to.



The government receives all of its funds from direct and indirect taxes imposed on the people. And in direct taxes, taxation is one of all the main taxes that help with the development and growth of the country and its industrial sector too. As previously stated, the government has collected approximately ten thousand large integer rupees in direct taxes, and approximately 4% of the population pays taxes. The GST collected by a government is approximately a hundred thousand large integers wherever there's a lack of taxpayers exaggerated by five hundredths. If the government can get rid of taxation, then there'll be a reduction within the economy. However, what is going to happen if we tend to abolish the financial gain tax. As we all know, if we tend to abolish taxation, then there'll be another strategy by which the government will collect taxes. Let's talk about it here:

1. Legal responsibilities. -As we all know, the one who earns has got to pay the taxation on the number that he/she attained. For that, he/she has got to file an associate degree taxation come back within the taxation department and plenty of additional laws which are ruled by the taxation Act, 1961. When taxation is abolished, that responsibility is transferred to the general public.

2. Inadequate funding. -To get rid of taxation won't be simple, as a result of the government won't be ready to meet the targets because of lack of funds. If we tend to increase the GST rates and get rid of the taxation, the government might not be ready to collect that abundant tax or fund. It can also have an effect on the economic process of the country if the government doesn't collect the maximum amount of funds.

3. Demand for the merchandise. -It may be a positive facet of abolishing revenue enhancement that the purchasing power of individuals can increase by that demand for the merchandise can increase, which is able to be profitable for firms and suppliers.

4. Exploitation. -once the demand for the merchandise increases, firms can increase the price of the product and may exploit customers by that there'll be an increase in inflation in markets.

5. Negatively have an effect on poor and customary people. -If revenue enhancement is abolished, then to keep up the economy, the government can charge taxes from those individuals too, who are exempted from paying taxes at the moment, and it can absolutely have an effect on made individuals as a result of the fact that they need to pay high taxes from their financial gain in order to be exempt from that.




The general understanding is that revenue enhancement is progressive in nature. The wealthy pay a lot of and successively this cash is employed to learn the society, together with the weaker sections of society. The ‘Occupy Wall-Street Movement’ threw up a motivating data point. In the US, the highest I Chronicles of society contributes four-hundredth of tax collections. Back home, if Mumbai collecting figures are taken into thought, the story is comparable. Mumbai contributes anyplace between half-hour and four-hundredth of India’s tax revenue. In India, the general tax /GDP magnitude relation was ten.18 you look after FY 2005-06. Of this, direct taxes contributed four.61 attempt to indirect taxes contributed five.57%. The share of direct and indirect taxes in 2010-11 was vi.24% and 4.56 nada severally. Thus, it's direct taxes that contribute a growing share and of such share, the wealthy are the most important contributors, creating it a really progressive regime. On the opposite hand, within the western world, particularly within the EU, countries (and not simply Balkan nation) are progressively turning towards indirect taxes during a bid to scale back budget deficits and improve collections. If one appearance at some international examples, countries that have a lot of recently introduced a broad-based VAT/GST have used the private revenue enhancement schedule to make amends for the impacts of a broad-based revenue enhancement regime. In late 2010, once New Zeeland raised its rate of GST from twelve.5% to 15%, it conjointly modified revenue enhancement rates (from a high rate of thirty ninth in 2008 to thirty third currently) and provided for numerous allowances to compensate lower revenue enhancement payers and cut back the regressive impact of indirect taxation. In India, the overall deficit in collections as of currently for direct taxes (corporate tax and private tax) is Rs one.72 100000 large integers (as on Gregorian calendar month 20) — budget estimate being Rs five.32 100000 large integers for 2011-12. For indirect taxes, the deficit in assortment is Rs zero.75 100000 large integers (till Gregorian calendar month 2012) — the budget estimate being Rs three.92 100000 large integers. The biggest criticism in respect to AN revenue enhancement regime is that it's regressive in nature. You buy, you pay! As things stand at the moment, the excise slabs in Republic of India to AN extent may be known as progressive in nature, with goose egg or low tax (up to 5%) on essential things like flour, bread, butter, milk and LPG (for households). On the opposite hand, sin product like tobacco and foreign wines suffer significant revenue enhancement levies. On conclusion of revenue enhancement, hiking rates on necessities to fulfil the collections would badly hit the aam-aadmi



No revenue enhancement means that a lot of disbursement power, a lot of demand, a lot of manufacture, more jobs. In short, a quicker growing economy revenue enhancement ends up in non-payment as individuals do not declare their true financial gain. calculable figures of black cash stashed overseas run into an incredible figure of $500 billion. If there's no revenue enhancement can there’ll be no have to be compelled to evade tax! conclusion of I-T will mean that everybody pays taxes. Why ought to agricultural financial gain still be exempted? No revenue enhancement can mean a bigger incentive to figure, after all, an outsized chunk of our wage or business profits goes towards payment of taxes and the use of our taxes is shrouded for the most part in mystery bound habits may be checked through elective use of the revenue enhancement weapon, like terribly high taxes on fuel gulping foreign cars. do not we have a tendency to all crave a greener world? Identifying and imposing the next tax on luxury things and a good higher tax on niche luxury things. Introducing a supplementary tax on some merchandise, like AN foreign automobile or an indigenously factory-made luxury automobile, onerous a proportion of spends on huge fat weddings etc. Bringing in property among the scope of revenue enhancement during a lot of pregnant manner; like progressive mechanism of stamp duties (say purchase of huge mansions, second homes etc. being subject to the next proportion of duties). Introducing estate duties: Countries like European nation, European nation and Swiss Confederation have steep estate duties. In Belgium's capital of Belgium, the speed may be as high as eightieth if the inheritance isn't from direct/indirect. In AN economy, like during a bod, there are several factors at work, and it's tough to quantify the general result of any intervention, like a specific medication or a tax cut. the matter can solely get a lot of advanced if 2 medicines with opposite effects are given along. Under the current trade cycle conditions of the Indian economy, sure as shooting the govt. cannot believe that it's time for increasing taxes to scale back demand any. Indeed, it ought to be a time to speak regarding cutting tax rates to extend demand quickly, and quicker than government disbursement will. Cutting taxes puts cash saved on taxes directly into the hands of customers, that they will pay on alternative merchandise and services. From an economic stabilisation purpose of read, this is often a time to chop each income taxes and indirect taxes. that will be the fastest thanks to push demand and check out to correct the cyclic downswing in demand.


Why India Should Abolish Personal Income Taxes?

Personal income tax is everywhere in the world. All countries, from developed to developing countries, tax their citizens' income at different rates. There are only 10 countries in the world without income tax. Of these 10 countries, 6 are from the Gulf Peninsula. The governments of these countries derive much of their wealth from oil revenues. The remaining four are countries such as Monaco and Bermuda. They are well-known tax havens that generate enough income from offshore funds to run a small economy.

Personal income tax is everywhere in the world. All countries, from developed to developing countries, tax their citizens' income at different rates. There are only 10 countries in the world without income tax. Six of these ten countries are from the Gulf Peninsula. The governments of these countries derive much of their wealth from oil revenues. The rest of his four are countries like Monaco and Bermuda. They are well-known tax havens that generate enough income from offshore funds to run a small economy.




Middle Class Tax

First, you should understand that India has a very low tax compliance rate. The millionaires do not pay taxes because they find loopholes and ways to hide their wealth. The majority are so poor that they do not have to pay taxes. Only middle class workers pay taxes in India. This demographic is also the driver of India's growth. The average taxpayer is educated, lives young in cities, and spends conspicuously. By accepting money from these people, the Indian government is only hurting GDP.

Low Tax Base

You should also understand that less than 3% of The total population in India pays income tax. About 50% of those who file tax returns do not. Only a small percentage of very high-income people actually pay these taxes. In a country of 1.25 billion people, only  400,000 people pay significant income taxes.

Other countries also rely heavily on personal income taxes to fund their budgets. But this is not the same in India. India gets less than 15% of Its budget from personal income tax. If the government could cut spending by 15%, it could simply abolish the income tax and have no impact on the budget.

This reduced reliance on the personal income tax makes its abolition very real. Reduce administration costs

As previously mentioned, the amount you earn through this entire charade is very small. States don't get the majority of their income from income taxes. But they pay most of the money they receive in the form of expenses.

The Indian government has a large bureaucracy that enforces these tax law. Tax return should be filed by each and every individual. Paperwork takes a lot of time and resources. Compliance rates are so low that the government hires large numbers of people to investigate violations and conduct house searches. Corruption and bribery have prevented Indian states from significantly increasing their tax revenues even after these tax killers were deployed.

Therefore, if the personal tax is abolished, the government will not have to hire many people to handle the paperwork. The result is a 15% reduction in income, but also a significant reduction in expenses! This makes abolishing the income tax a plausible idea in India's economies of scale. higher business turnover Lowering income taxes will result in more money in people's hands. These people spend that money on everything from electronics to real estate. As a result, the country's GDP soars. India needs a little more indirect tax. This helps the government generate more revenue as the economy's turnover increases and the economy grows in size. The shortfall in personal income tax will be offset by an increase in the tax base and a slight increase in the indirect tax rate.


Cut Subsidies

Currently, the Indian government provides many subsidies to the lower middle class. These subsidies include subsidies for cooking gas, electricity, etc. Farmers often also receive loan forgiveness and fertilizer subsidies. So the government spends more on subsidies than on income tax revenues. The solution to this problem is to cut subsidies as well. Cutting subsidies without cutting income taxes is politically unpopular. If subsidies were cut along with income taxes, the government would save revenue instead of losing it.

asset price deflation

India is also suffering from asset price inflation. Prices of houses and other assets like gold have gone through the roof. This is because people are trying to avoid income taxes by investing their money in other assets. Since gold and real estate are these assets, their prices have skyrocketed and the general public cannot afford them.

Abolishing the income tax therefore has several advantages for both the government and the general public. It would not be economically wise to take such a step.


Will GST go the excise way?

It is not clear that increasing GST rates for a few things goes to extend tax collections. we have a tendency to started with high rates, however thanks to the complications, we have a tendency to reduced them. Higher rates may manufacture higher nonpayment. When the current GST regime, with multiple and high rates was introduced, it absolutely was feared that the shortage of simplicity within the system would produce difficulties with compliance. What wasn't absolutely anticipated was the infinite appetence of the Indian administrative official for tinkering. Year once year, in response to varied lobbies and short-falls in tax collections, officers exercised their power to alter excise duty rates. If anyone tries to create an inventory of the excise duty rates applicable on every item in annually for the last thirty years, it's nearly not possible. The rates amendment, the definitions amendment, what's exempted from taxation changes. Is GST progressing to go identical manner as excise went, with constant changes and no predictability? the full purpose of the GST was to administer the state a straightforward, taxation rate that will improve compliance and produce the economy. what's the vision of policy manufacturers for the GST? once is it expected to stabilise? Or, can it forever be sort of a bunch of instruments, to be endlessly tweaked, and ne'er a collection of stable rates. Even whereas one asks the question regarding what's the vision of the government’s policy team regarding the financial stance and role of the GST council, it's not clear that there's a agreement among policy manufacturers with clarity on these problems. Tax officers forever like a lot of whimsical power to less power. If there's no clear position taken by the govt. to bind the hands of tax officers, if there's no clear-cut policy direction, they're going to forever prefer to tweak rates the manner they accustomed do with excise. This creates policy uncertainty and is dangerous for investment and growth. the govt. ought to begin with a written report that clearly states its read on the current financial stance. Further, it ought to decide what ought to be the role of the GST Council and the way the GST is predicted to evolve over time. If it's progressing to be forever dynamical, which is that the vision, we have a tendency to might ne'er yield the advantages of the GST, and it should be time to travel back to the strategy planning stage.


Well, you could. however, doing thus would mean pushing GST rates higher across the board. This interprets to expensive care, expensive bread, expensive rotis, expensive education (if it’s not thought-about AN investment). therefore, the government can need to supply exemptions on some product or risk facing public wrath. However, giving exemptions would inevitably mean extracting the next add elsewhere. thus GST rates on alternative ratable product and services can rise exponentially. Also, replacement revenue enhancement with a consumption-based tax doesn’t essentially mean nonpayment disappears long. With high GST rates, individuals can have each incentive to report their transactions as business transactions. And a expense isn’t taxed for the apparent reason that the corporate doesn’t consume the merchandise itself. In most cases, it adds worth and passes it on to the top client who's to blame for shouldering the tax burden. And as a lot of individuals resort to those shenanigans the govt. can need to offset these losses by pushing GST rates higher. One may conjointly contend that marking these transactions as an expense is not any straightforward task for a middle-income client. the sole people that may escape with these things are most likely sitting at the highest of the pyramid. So in result, we have a tendency to are gazing steep GST rates on a pick set of product and services purchased preponderantly by the centre category. may it work? Maybe!!! however is it well worth the effort? That I don't apprehend. What does one think?

The Positives of revenue enhancement

Suppose revenue enhancement gets abolished within the union budget. What would be the benefits of being a zero revenue enhancement state? 1st, extra money within the hands of individuals. once individuals have some excess take advantage hand, there's a natural tendency to pay a touch a lot of except for saving. once a major p.c of the population will this additional disbursement, it ends up in some further financial gain to some p.c of the remainder of the population. Suppose someone earns fifty,000 rupees a month. He pays AN revenue enhancement of five,000 rupees in step with the tax regime of 2021. If revenue enhancement is completed away with, then such voters would pay a lot of, leading to extra money circulation within the economy. Second, there's a chance of transferral black a refund into the economy. in step with the National Council for Applied Economic analysis (NCAER), illicit wealth accumulated in Republic of India amounts to anyplace between 384 billion greenbacks to 490 billion greenbacks. this is often roughly up to Bastille Day of India’s GDP. several argue that a major p.c of this wealth got stashed thanks to high tax rates, and evading revenue enhancement alone created a lot of monetary sense. conclusion of revenue enhancement may create this cash legitimate, increasing the circulation of cash within the economy.

The Negatives of Income Tax Abolition

If income tax is abolished, then the central government loses regarding one fourth of its financial gain right away. Asian nation recorded a business deficit of nine.3% of the gross domestic product within the year 2020-21 consistent with the bourgeois and Auditor General of Asian nation. This figure would skyrocket as a consequence. One primary reason governments tax is to fund building of public infrastructure and pay on welfare programs. Direct taxes area unit the simplest means of revenue assortment for institutions across the globe. In developing countries like Asian nation, there still stay an outsized variety of individuals UN agency lie below the personal income. there's a natural obligation for the state to support them through varied welfare programs. to form up for an enormous revenue shortage caused by IT termination wouldn't be simple, and tons of welfare programs can be place briefly on hold. To manage the revenue deficit, the govt could increase GST rates on unremarkably consumed product, creating them costlier for the common man. The central government recently hiked excise duty on oil product to form up for the revenue shortage caused due the continued COVID-19 pandemic. this is often AN indicator of potential government responses to manage a fall in government revenue.



The GST Council has introduced anti-commercial rules to ensure that when certain goods/services are subject to reduced tax rates, the benefits of those reduced tax rates are passed on to consumers in the form of price reductions. Did. The Council also changes the GST rate from time to time to streamline the GST structure. The reasons behind the change in the GST tax rate are: Amending the reverse tax structure to ensure that there are no problems with working capital, which is very important for the smooth operation of enterprises.

Reducing the prices of basic commodities (food, basic clothing, etc.) so that everyone can afford them. Equalization of prices for similar goods/services without significant differences in quality/service terms.

Legal implications of not passing on reduced GST rate benefits-

According to anti-commercial laws, registrants must transfer the profit of markdowns. if there is a reduced tax rate on the supply of goods or services; or Input tax credit benefits now available under his GST, The GST Council has reduced the tax rate several times. Still, businesses do not pass on profits to consumers and enjoy the additional tax burden as profits. The National Anti-Profiteering Board may require the defaulter to pay the amount not passed to the consumer as a rebate plus her 18% interest rate. Interest is calculated from the date the higher amount is collected until the date that amount is returned.

Is it much potential to get rid of financial gain Tax?

No government would need to lose a fourth of its revenue nightlong. particularly in India’s case, direct taxpayer’s area unit therefore less that they're not a big vote bank for any party. Rather, it might solely hurt them if welfare programs area unit placed on temporary hold as a result of beneficiaries of those programs area unit vital in variety to influence AN election. Income tax cannot be abolished till the govt finds various sources of revenue. there's a caveat here—it shouldn't directly impact the person. One suggestion given by noted economists is introduction of death duty. Simply put, this is often a tax levied on those who inherit their ancestral properties/savings. several western countries just like the kingdom levy death duty of anyplace up to four-hundredth on their voters. As the other policy, a zero taxation regime has each blessings and drawbacks. within the short run, the business deficit would increase. many welfare programs and infrastructure comes can be stalled because of dip in revenue. On the opposite hand, multiplied circulation of cash might end in speedy enlargement of the economy. Surely, the thought of doing away with taxation isn't a ridiculous one!


GST benefits

Goods and Services Tax (GST) has several benefits that help integrate the economy while making Indian products more internationally competitive. It also makes it easier to comply with tax rates and procedures. Goods and Services Tax (GST) is levied on the domestic supply of goods and/or services. This includes several indirect taxes imposed by state or central governments such as:

GST benefits the Indian government, industry and citizens. Prices of goods and services are expected to fall under the new reforms while the economy receives a healthy boost. Indian products and services are also expected to become internationally competitive.


Uniformity Of Taxation

GST aims to make India an integrated economy by imposing a uniform tax rate, removing economic barriers and making India a common national market. Integrating the above indirect state and central taxes into one tax, he said, would allow goods manufactured or supplied in India to not only enter the domestic market, but also internationally. In addition, all imported goods are subject to IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax). IGST more or less corresponds to state GST + central GST, resulting in uniform taxation for both domestic and imported goods.


Help Increase Government Revenue

The GST is projected to help boost government revenues by expanding the tax base while improving taxpayer compliance. The reform is also expected to improve the country's ranking on the Ease of Doing Business Index. In addition, it is also estimated that GDP he will increase by 1.5% to 2%.




Cascade Of Taxes

Tax cascades are prevented by his GST as the entire supply chain receives a comprehensive input tax credit mechanism. Streamline your business operations at every stage of delivery with seamless access to input tax credits across your products and services. Easier and less compliance. Compliance is simplified through harmonization of tax rates, procedures and laws. Synergies and increased efficiency are expected across the board thanks to common formats/forms, common definitions and a common interface via the GST Portal. Interstate disputes, such as those currently prevalent over e-commerce and immigration taxes, will no longer be a concern, and multiple taxes on the same transaction will be abolished. This also reduces compliance costs.


The previous tax system had service tax and VAT, both with their own suitability and declaration. GST brings them together, reducing the number of returns and reducing the time it takes to comply with tax laws. There are about 11 returns below GST. Four of these are basic returns that apply to all taxable persons under GST. The number of returns may increase, but the main GSTR-1 must be filled out manually, while GSTR-2, GSTR-3 and GSTR-4 are filled automatically.


General procedure

Refund procedures and taxpayer registration procedures will be unified, and tax return forms will also be unified. The tax base will also be unified, and in addition to the deadlines for each activity, the system of various products or services will be unified, making the tax system more reliable.


Common portal

Since GST is heavily technology dependent, taxpayers will have a common portal (GSTN). Automate and simplify various procedures such as registration, tax payment, refund, and tax return. All processes are handled online through his GSTN, including filing tax returns, filing refund claims, paying taxes, and registering. Input tax credits are also verified online, making the comparison of input tax credits across the country electronic, making the process straightforward and transparent. This greatly speeds up the process as the taxpayer does not have to interact with the tax authorities.


Reduce the tax burden on industry and trade

The average tax burden for industry and commerce is expected to decrease due to GST. This will lead to lower prices and higher consumption, ultimately increasing production and ultimately promoting the development of various industries. Domestic demand will increase, creating more opportunities for local businesses and creating more jobs in the country.


Regulation of unorganized industries- Certain sectors of the country, such as the textile and construction industries, are highly unorganized and unregulated. GST aims to ensure that payments and compliance are done online and that purchase credits are withdrawn only when the amount is accepted by the supplier, ensuring that these industries are regulated and accountable To do.


Configuration scheme

Small businesses can reduce their tax burden through equalization schemes. Small and medium enterprises with turnover from his Rs 2 lakh to Rs 5 lakh are eligible for tax relief.


These are some of the main benefits that GST offers. In the sections below, we briefly review the benefits that this system will bring to the public, businesses, industry and trade.



From all the discussions, we are able to see that there's no direct link between GST and revenue enhancement. Thus, increasing GST rates cannot get rid of revenue enhancement, and if we tend to take into account the statics, then getting rid of revenue enhancement won't be an excellent plan. If it's done, then the government should make some major changes. If one law is going to be abolished, then new laws are going to be introduced to keep up the economy and development of the state. And if the government can get rid of revenue enhancement, then to attain the targets, they need to extend the rates of alternative taxes. An increasing rate of GST can facilitate the gross domestic product of an Asian country, but it can even cause inflation. However, regardless of the scenario, it'll undoubtedly have an effect on the economy of the country.

End Note-

  1. Dr. S.R. Myneni, Principles of Taxation & Tax Laws (2014).
  2. Dr. Vinod K. Singhania & Dr. Monica Singhania. Students’ Guide to Income Tax Including GST (2022).
  3. Dr. Jyoti Rattan, Taxation Laws (2021).


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