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Detailed Investigation Of The Crime : Whether It Is A Blessing For The Public Or A Curse? by - Sushmita Bharti

Detailed Investigation Of  The Crime : Whether It Is A Blessing For The Public Or A Curse?


Authored by - Sushmita Bharti

B. A. LL. B

Sai Nath University, Ranchi




A thorough study of all the evidence related to a criminal act is part of a detailed investigation of a crime. To establish the circumstances surrounding the crime and identify the offender(s), this process necessitates the gathering and examination of physical, forensic, and testimonial evidence. Interviewing witnesses, going over surveillance footage, looking at DNA samples, and reconstructing the murder scene are all possible investigative steps. Law enforcement personnel must use their knowledge and experience to make connections and piece together a coherent story of what happened in order for an investigation to be effective. To guarantee that evidence is gathered and handled in a way that preserves its integrity and may be used in court, investigators must also adhere to set standards and procedures. To ensuring that justice is carried out and that those guilty for the crime are held accountable is the ultimate purpose of a thorough inquiry. In addition to the deployment of preventative measures to lessen the possibility that similar crimes will occur in the future, this process may involve the arrest and prosecution of suspects. In general, thorough criminal investigations are essential to upholding the law and keeping the public secure.



Society has long been concerned about crimes. They pose a threat to both the personal safety and security of the community’s residents. Investigating crimes is a crucial step in prosecuting offenders and ensuring the safety of the innocent. A thorough investigation of a crime entails gathering, evaluating, and utilizing evidence to pinpoint the offender. But, it is still unclear whether the public will benefit or suffer from this in-depth analysis of crime.


The process of locating evidence and accumulating data regarding a criminal act is called an investigation. It is an essential part of the criminal justice system and is very important in making sure that justice is done. Nonetheless, the public's perception of the effects of thorough criminal investigations has long been disputed; some claim it is a blessing, while others claim it is a scourge.

Key component of the criminal justice system is the investigation of crimes. It entails a meticulous and methodical procedure of obtaining information, examining it, and coming to conclusions regarding the commission of an offence. Making ensuring that the guilty are punished and the innocent are protected is the goal of a thorough inquiry into a crime. Nonetheless, the question of whether thorough criminal investigations are good for the public or bad for them is still up for debate.


One way to look at thorough investigations into crimes is as a benefit to the public. These inquiries may result in the capture and conviction of criminals, which in turn may discourage others from committing the same crimes. The message that such behaviour will not be accepted is sent to society when the guilty are punished, and this can dissuade potential offenders. Furthermore, thorough investigations can give victims and their families closure. Victims and their families may be able to move on with their lives with the knowledge that the criminal has been found and punished for their misdeeds.


The ability to strengthen the criminal justice system is another benefit of thorough investigations into crimes. Inquiries may uncover problems in the system that can be fixed, such as errors in the processes or a lack of resources. The public as a whole would benefit from a criminal justice system that is more effective and efficient.


On the other side, thorough inquiries into crimes may be perceived by the public as a curse. Investigations can be expensive, time-consuming, and a waste of resources if they take them away from more crucial Endeavour’s like healthcare or education. Moreover, investigations may invade and disturb the privacy of innocent people. They can harm reputations, relationships, and cause tension and anxiety. False accusations can also be made, leading to the false accusation and criminal prosecution of innocent persons. This may entail making investments in social programmes and projects that deal with the underlying issues that contribute to crime, such as deprivation, addiction, and mental illness. This essay will examine both viewpoints and offer a neutral opinion of the situation.




Positive Aspects

  1. Preventing new offences

Investigating incidents in great detail can help stop crimes from happening again. Law enforcement can warn potential criminals that they will be caught and punished by locating and apprehending the offenders. This may serve as deterrence and lessen the possibility of criminal activity in the future.


  1. Upholding the law and order

Maintaining peace and order in society depends on conducting investigations into crimes. Without investigations, criminals would be free to carry out their crimes without consequence, which would result in anarchy and chaos. Law enforcement organisations can uphold the law and safeguard society from criminals by conducting investigations into crimes.


  1. Identification of the offender with accuracy

A comprehensive investigation can assist law enforcement officers in making an accurate identification of the crime's perpetrator, which can result in that person being brought to justice and preventing them from committing more offences.


  1. Evidence gathering

 A thorough investigation enables the gathering of a variety of evidence that can be used to make a compelling case against the perpetrator. Physical evidence, including DNA or fingerprints, as well as witness accounts and other sorts of evidence can all be included in this evidence. Better community relations can result from thorough investigations conducted by law enforcement officers. This can help to strengthen ties between the police and the communities they serve. As a result, there may be more mutual respect and collaboration between the police and the community, which in turn may contribute to a decrease in crime.


  1. Protection of Society

By taking dangerous offenders off the streets, thorough investigations into crimes assist to safeguard society. Law enforcement officers can help keep communities secure by locating and apprehending offenders.


  1. Building community trust

Law enforcement organizations can build trust with the community they serve by conducting comprehensive and open investigations into crimes. As a result, there may be more community support and cooperation in preventing and resolving crimes.


Negative Aspects

  1. Violates one's right to privacy

By conducting in-depth criminal investigations, privacy rights may occasionally be violated. For instance, in order to examine a suspect's residence or seize their belongings, authorities may require search warrants. Invasive investigations may occasionally be conducted on innocent persons, which can be upsetting and detrimental to their mental health.


  1. Possibility of untrue allegations

When thorough criminal investigations yield false accusations, they can also have unfavourable effects. Sometimes innocent persons may be falsely accused of crimes, losing their freedom, reputation, and means of support. False allegations can undermine the public's confidence in the legal system and law enforcement.


  1. Instilling mistrust and terror in the public

Finally, thorough investigations into crimes can occasionally instill the public with apprehension and mistrust. People may feel panicked and anxious when crimes are widely reported, which can give the impression that crime rates are higher than they actually are. Furthermore, the use of force by law police during investigations can breed mistrust and suspicion.


  1. Trauma

 Because victims and witnesses may have to relive their experiences in great detail, the criminal investigation process can be upsetting for them. Long-term psychological harm may result from this, and it may also deter people from sharing knowledge.[1]


The advantages of thorough criminal investigations

There are several advantages to a thorough investigation of a crime for the general population. For the public’s safety and security, it first aids in the identification of the crime’s offender. The investigation assists in gathering data that can be utilized in court to establish the defendant’s guilt. Justice will be carried out and the innocent will be safeguarded as a result.


Justice: In order to ensure that justice is carried out, thorough crime investigations are essential. Investigators can create a case by accumulating information and evidence can create a solid defense for the defendant and aid in getting a conviction in court. In addition to providing the victims with justice, this shows society that criminal activity will not be allowed.


Second, thorough investigations can help future crimes be avoided. The detection and capture of a criminal can stop them from committing other crimes, which can lower the overall crime rate. Investigations can also reveal criminal networks and organizations, which can result in the capture of several criminals and the dismantling of criminal networks.


In-depth criminal investigations also act as deterrence to potential offenders. Criminals may be deterred from committing a crime if they know that investigators are thorough in their job and have the ability to unearth evidence. In consequence, this can lower society's general crime rate and make neighborhoods safe.


Thorough investigations might aid in enhancing law enforcement methods and procedures. Investigators can refine their strategies and processes as they get more experience and expertise with various sorts of cases. As a result, investigations may be more successful and produce greater results in terms of arrests and convictions.


Closure: Thorough criminal investigations can offer closure to victims and their families. Victims and their families can start to heal and move on with their lives knowing that the culprit has been found and justice has been done.


Accountability: Thorough investigations into crimes make perpetrators answerable for their deeds. This not only makes sure they pay for their mistakes, but it also tells the rest of society that criminal activity won't be accepted.

Transparency in the criminal justice system is enhanced by thorough criminal investigations. Investigators can contribute to increasing public confidence in the legal system and ensuring that justice is administered fairly and impartially by being open and transparent about their investigation and the evidence they have gathered.


Victim compensation: Restitution for crime victims may be made possible via criminal investigations. A variety of legal remedies, including restitution and compensation orders, are available to help victims of crimes recover from the harm committed against them.


Safeguarding society: Criminal investigations aid in society's defence against criminals. Law enforcement authorities can stop further harm to society by catching offenders and prosecuting them. This promotes societal order and stops crime from getting worse.


Bringing victims and their families closure: Victims and their families may find solace in criminal investigations. Victims and their families may find it easier to recover from the trauma of the crime if they know the criminal has been apprehended and punished.


Finding out the truth: Criminal investigations seek to learn the truth about a crime's motivations. This can serve to eliminate rumors and speculation, and guarantee that justice is done. Finding the truth is a crucial step in the legal process, and it can give everyone involved a feeling of closure.[2]


Thorough crime investigations have some drawbacks

The thorough investigation of a crime has many benefits, but it can also have drawbacks that affect the general public. First of all, investigations can be costly and time-consuming. It may take months or even years to gather the evidence, analyze it, and use it to pin the crime on the offender. For the victims and their families, this might result in delays in the administration of justice. Moreover, investigations can be intrusive and invade people’s privacy. Investigators may occasionally need to undertake searches, seizures, or wiretaps in order to acquire information. Individual private rights may be violated, and this may also be regarded as a breach of civil liberties. Some times for witnesses and victims, investigations can be upsetting and unpleasant. For the victims and witnesses, revisiting a horrific event like a violent crime can be quite stressful. Long-term repercussions and an influence on their mental health and wellbeing may result from this. Thorough investigations may result in erroneous convictions. Investigations are necessary to bring offenders to justice, but if they are not done correctly, they can also lead to erroneous convictions. This can lead to the punishment of innocent people for crimes they did not commit, which is a serious injustice.


Negative Consequences of Thorough Criminal Investigation

Privacy: Extensive criminal investigations can violate the privacy of people who may not be guilty of any crimes. It may be necessary to search their homes, seize their belongings, and question them during the inquiry, which can be upsetting for innocent people.


Stigma: Even if someone is innocent, thorough criminal investigations may nonetheless stigmatize those who are under suspicion. They may become social outcasts as a result, harming their reputation.


Bias: Thorough investigations into crimes could be skewed, especially if the investigators have predetermined assumptions about the defendant or the incident. This may result in an incorrect conviction, which could have grave repercussions for the defendant.


 Cost: Extensive criminal investigations can be costly since they require a lot of time, people, and technology. This can cause a backlog of cases and burden on the criminal justice system.


Public Opinion: Extensive criminal investigations can also affect the public's perception, causing a rush to judgement that could result in vigilante justice or other wrongdoing.


Innocent Until Proven Guilty: The presumption of innocence unless proven guilty is one of the biggest drawbacks of criminal investigations. This means that even if they are innocent, they might be the focus of an inquiry and surveillance. The accused and their family may experience stress and worry as a result of this.


Individual error: Criminal investigations are conducted by people, and as a result, they are susceptible to mistakes. This may result in erroneous convictions and errors in the administration of justice, which may have grave repercussions for the accused and their families.


Expense burden: Taxpayers are responsible for covering the costs of criminal investigations. The public may be financially burdened, and resources may be taken away from other crucial sectors, as a result.

Long procedure: It can be frustrating for everyone concerned when criminal investigations take a long period. Pre-trial imprisonment of the accused is a possibility and may have a big influence on their lives.


Oppositional system: In the adversarial criminal justice system, both the prosecution and defence work to establish their respective cases. This may lead to a combative environment, which could be stressful for all parties.


Potential for false accusations: Detailed crime investigations can also have negative consequences when they result in false accusations. In some cases, innocent people may be accused of crimes they did not commit, leading to the loss of their freedom, reputation, and livelihood. False accusations can also damage public trust in law enforcement and the justice system.


Creation of public fear and distrust: Finally, detailed crime investigations can sometimes create fear and distrust in the public. When crimes are heavily publicized, it can create a sense of panic and anxiety among members of the public, leading to the belief that crime rates are higher than they actually are. Additionally, the heavy-handed tactics of law enforcement during investigations can lead to a sense of distrust and suspicion towards law enforcement.[3]



In conclusion, there are both advantages and disadvantages to a thorough investigation of a crime that may have an effect on the general public. Investigations can be time-consuming, intrusive, and upsetting even though they are necessary to preserve the safety and security of people and society. The necessity for investigations and people’s rights must be balanced, and this is crucial. In order to bring offenders to justice while upholding the rights of victims and witnesses, investigations must be conducted in a fair and just manner. The thorough investigation of crimes can benefit the public and contribute to the development of a safer and more just society when the right procedures and methods are used. While investigations can help victims and their families receive justice, discourage future crimes, and increase the fairness of the criminal justice system, they can also violate the privacy of innocent people, stigmatize them, be prejudiced, be expensive, and sway public opinion. The advantages and disadvantages of thorough criminal investigations must be balanced, and care must be taken to conduct them in a fair, impartial, and open manner. They can be a source of stress and anxiety for the accused and their families, even though they act as a deterrent to crime and offer compensation to victims. Investigations include people, which can cause mistakes, and there may be a huge cost burden. Criminal investigations are a critical instrument in reaching this goal since the criminal justice system is crucial to upholding law and order in society. So, it’s crucial to find a balance between the advantages and disadvantages of criminal investigations in order to maintain an equitable and just legal system. Nonetheless, it is clear from the facts and studies at hand that crime is a complicated problem with many facets that is affected by a range of social, economic, and environmental factors. Research have demonstrated that social isolation, poverty, inequality, and a lack of work and educational possibilities all contribute to crime. Individual characteristics including mental illness, substance misuse, and prior criminal history can also be important. Successful crime prevention techniques combine addressing the underlying societal issues that fuel crime with delivering tailored interventions for people who are most likely to commit crimes. Programs that offer education, job training, and assistance to those with mental health and substance addiction disorders fall under this category. Effective law enforcement techniques also incorporate technology-based tools like video surveillance and predictive policing, community policing, and intelligence-led policing. It is crucial to remember, nevertheless, that preventive and intervention programmes must be used in conjunction with law enforcement measures in order to effectively address the causes of crime.























[1] Blaine G. Robbins “A Blessing and a Curse? Political Institutions in the Growth and Decay of Generalized Trust: A Cross- National Panel Analysis”, Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United states of America, Universita’ del Piemontle Orientale, Italy

[2] Medico-Legal Journal 2022 Vol. 90(3) 117- 128 The Author(s) 2022 Article resuse guidelines: sagepub.com/permissions

[3] Moran, JT & Weinroth, J 2008, Invasion of Privacy On The Internet: Information Capturing Without Consent, Journal of Business & Economics Research, Volume 6 Number7


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